Published in the Sunday Times
Bridge of Clay*****
Markus Zusak, Doubleday, R365
Markus Zusak wanted ‘glories and tragedies and courage, all in a suburban setting’.Picture: Supplied
What was the genesis of the story?
I was 20 years old, and always felt really committed to being a writer.I used to take long walks around the neighbourhood I lived in and, once, on one of those walks, I saw in my mind a boy building a bridge.I named him Clayton.I thought I would call the bookClayton’s Bridge, and then a few months later, I thought: No, notClayton’s Bridge– make itBridge of Clay。And that was the instant when a whole new depth of meaning and emotion entered the idea.
I saw a boy making a bridge of stone or wood, but also of himself.He would mould his whole life into that bridge and within that idea there was the idea that Clay is both a name and a material – and clay (the material) can be moulded into anything, but it needs fire to set it … I was seeing new beginnings forming, and a definite ending.I just wasn’t ready yet to write it.
Which elements of the book were there from the start, and which came later?
I actually did write a version of this book in my early 20s, but I knew already then that what I’d produced wasn’t what I was looking for.You’re always looking for what you feel in your mind is what you then feel in the pages.
It was in 2006, afterThe Book Thief, that I started collating new ideas for the book, including a family of five brothers, a mother who had travelled to Australia from Eastern Europe, and a father who had once been obsessed with Michelangelo and, in particular, the Statue of David and his unfinished works, the Slaves (or Prisoners).
The elements ofThe Iliad和The Odysseygreatly enrich the story.Are these works that have influenced your own life?
It started because of nicknames.I seemed to immediately gravitate towards giving all the Dunbar brothers nicknames (for example, Clay is the Smiler, Rory is the Human Ball and Chain, Matthew – who narrates the story – is the Responsible One, and so on), and it reminded me of how inThe Iliad和The Odyssey, Achilles is never just Achilles;he’s the fast-running Achilles, and Hector is the tamer of horses, or Hector of the glittering helmet.
I started to feel a sense of suburban bigness to things.我们通常认为我们的生活又小又平凡,或 that we live in places or houses where very little happens.But then you start to realise the amount of travels that have been made to arrive in these places, and that we all fall in love, we all have people die on us.We laugh and live and love, and all of these things loom hugely, at times, inside us.And I wanted to write about those things.
I wanted to write a big and big-hearted story in what Matthew sometimes calls the suburbs-world.I wanted glories and tragedies and courage, all in that suburban setting.
Can you expand on the use of the bridge as a metaphor?
I think I’ve always thought of bridges being part of books and stories.As the narrator ofBridge of Clay, there are times when Matthew talks to the reader a lot, about the distance between him as the writer of the story and the reader as the recipient.I’ve always imagined that as well – that I’m writing in one place, and the words are stretching to wherever the reader is reading the book.In that way, the reader is part of the book, even in the act of writing it.
In a more direct and story-oriented way, the bridges inBridge of Clayare everywhere.Clay, especially, is building a bridge for his family, to bring it back together, but he’s simultaneously finding his own way of leaving.It’s both a bridge towards home and beyond it.And Matthew is building his own bridge, not only to an understanding of his brother, but to a new understanding of just how much he loves him.It’s why he’s writing the story: the words are a proof of love.
I readBridge of Claydirectly after finishing Tim Winton’sThe Shepherd’s Hut我觉得男性也提出了类似的主题, the question of how to channel young men’s energies and sensibilities.In short, how do we raise good men?Could you comment on that?
Probably the first way is to tell the truth, which isn’t to say that boys will be boys, and be done with it.My first priority is always to write from the inside out, which is to serve the characters of the book, and the story.What I’ve arrived at later is an understanding that if I was subconsciously trying to do anything, it was to write about boys in a way that shows them both how they are, and how we’d like them to be.
The Dunbar boys are rough and boisterous and raw, but I hope they’re beautiful too, and full of love and loyalty, and even tenderness.Maybe the first way to address this idea of positive masculinity is that it’s actually pretty complex.
One of the bigger lines inBridge of Clayis when Matthew says, “It’s a mystery, even to me, how boys and brothers love.” Like everything else worth fighting for in our lives, the idea of raising good men feels to me like something that never ends.It will to and fro between triumphs and failures, but the centre feels a lot like Clay and his brothers themselves;they fight and scrap and argue their way through the world and each other, but they never give up on each other either, or on themselves.@michelemagwood